C 3.1  Alpine Encounters

C 3.1.1  Giant Slalom (Ski and Snowboard)

The Giant Slalom is to be carried out according to the FIS-rules:

Difference in elevation: 250 - 400 m
Time interval between the competitors: at least 30 sec
C 3.1.2   Parallel Slalom (Ski only)

Number of Competitors
The finals should consist of a female and male race and should not include more than 32 competitors in each.
These 32 competitors may either be entered directly or be the first 32 finishers from qualification competition raced on a previous day.

Definition
The parallel race is a competition where two or more competitors race simultaneously side by side down two or more courses. The setting of the courses, the configuration of the ground and the preparation of the snow are to be as identical as possible.

Vertical Drop
The vertical drop of the course must be between 80 and 100 m. There must be between 10 and 22 gates, not counting the start and finish. The run time of each race should be between 20 and 25 seconds.

Choice and Preparation of the Course
Choose a slope wide enough to permit two or more courses, preferably slightly concave (permitting a view of the whole course from any point).
The terrain variations must be the same across the surface of the slope. The course layouts must have the same profile and the same difficulties. A lift next to the course is essential to ensure that the races are run smoothly and rapidly.

Timing
The race will be timed. The fastest competitor over the combined 2 runs qualifies for the next run.

Execution of a Parallel on Two Courses
Each match between two competitors consists of two runs, the both competitors change courses for the second run.
The competitor with the smallest time difference after the two runs continues to the next round, the other is eliminated.

Seeding list for parallel Slalom (Ski)1st Round; 2nd Round; 3rd Round; Semi-final; Final; Winner

Formation into Pairs
Sixteen pairs of competitors are formed, using the results of the Giant Slalom.

Groups together
the 1st and the 32nd the 9th and the 24th
the 2nd and the 31st the 10th and the 23rd
the 3rd and the 30th the 11th and the 22nd
the 4th and the 29th the 12th and the 21st
the 5th and the 28th the 13th and the 20th
the 6th and the 27th the 14th and the 19th
the 7th and the 26th the 15th and the 18th
the 8th and the 25th the 16th and the 17th

Causes for disqualification
Causes for disqualification are the following:
-   false start
-   changing from one course to another
-   disturbing opponent, voluntarily or not
-   straddling one ski inside a gate or pole with the other ski outside
-   turn not executed on the outside of a gate
-   not finishing
If both competitors fall in either the first or second run of any round, the first competitor to reach the finish successfully will advance to the next round. If both competitors do not finish, the competitor who successfully skied the furthest distance will advance to the next round.
The competitor that does not finish or is disqualified in the first run does not start in a second run.

C 3.1.3  Alternative Race

An alpine racing course with components taken from Slalom, Giant Slalom and Super G suitable for both alpine ski and snow-boards may be offered.
The regulations are comparable to the giant-slalom, however the route is only a passageway. The gate-poles must be placed in Kippstangentechnologie. The slalom-part may be placed in in-pole-mode, the giant-slalom, and the super-G part must be placed in two-pole-mode.
The length of the run is dependent on the route-structure between 300 - and 350 meters.
The run begins with a slalom of approximately 60 meters, with half of the route is sedate with (approximately 5-6) vertical. After two open gate-combinations, the run changes to a giant-slalom, whose length is 100 meters approximately and comprises all relevant gate-combinations. The rest of the route then follows in case-line super G with open gates with one straight shot-piece in the goal of approximately 30 meters the run finishes.

C 3.2 Cross-Country Skiing

In cross-country skiing single competitions in classic and free style are organised as well as a relay competition.

C 3.2.1 Single Competitions

The single competitions are separately run for female and male participants.
The competitions in classic style should take place at least one day before the free style race.

Classic Style
The track length for the cross-country skiing in classic style is 5 to 8 km for female and 10 to 13 km for male skiers.
This race is also the first competition for the hunting race (see item 3).

Free Style
This competition should take place at least one day after the race in classic style. It is also the 2nd competition for the hunting race (see item 3).
As with the classic style, the track length is 5 to 8 km for female and 10 to 13 km for male competitors.
The starting order is determined by the running times of the classic style race and includes the time differences. Competitors who did not participate in the classic style race start after the last participant in the nordic chase in a 30 sec interval. The order is decided as per C 2.1.5.

Nordic Chase
The nordic chase consists of a race in classic style and a race in free style. The start order and the start time differences correspond to the results of the race in classic style.
There are different evaluations for female and male competitors without consideration of age categories.
Normally the order of arrival at the finish line gives the result of the race. However the organisers may decide later in the race to limit the time between starters in order to limit the duration of the race time. In this case the result for those participants who’s start time has been modified will be recalculated after the race.

C 3.2.2    Cross-Country Ski Relay

The competition is made of mixed teams (female and male).

Organisation
The organisation of a relay is the same as for the cross-country skiing. Beyond that the race management appoints a referee for the start and the changing zone and helpers, who check the correct change-over.

Track
a) The length of the track must be between 2 and 4 km per participant.
b) For at least the last 200 m the track must have two lanes.

Colours of the Individual Runners
Each runner of the relay must wear a coloured start number that shows his starting position within the relay. The order is as follows:

1  =  red
2  =  green
3  =  yellow
4  =  blue

Start
Starting position: If it is not possible to position all starting contestants side by side for lack of space, two or more rows of starters can be positioned behind each other at a distance of at least 4 m. The first row should consist of at least 6 contestants.

Arrangement of the Track at the Start
Every contestant must have his/her own lane during the first 100 m from the start. During these 100 m the skating step is not permitted. The space between the lanes is to amount to at least 1.20 m. After that all lanes converge into one; this has to occur gradually over a distance of 100 m from the outside inwards.
The starting line has to be arranged in such a way that all competing teams have covered the same distance, when reaching the shared lane (circle arc).
During the first 2 km of the lane abrupt changes of direction must be avoided.

Change of Place and Handing-Over

  1. The handing-over takes place within the changing zone, which is formed by rectangle (length 30 m, width according to the current conditions). The lane has to be arranged as a straight double lane the last 200 m before the changing zone.
  2. The handing over is done correctly when the arriving contestant touches the leaving contestant with one hand within the clearly marked rectangle.
  3. In the changing zone the leaving contestant stands alongside the lane, but not in the lane. When an arriving contestant is announced the leaving one has to prepare himself for the handing over.
  4. If the handing over is not executed according to the regulations both contestants are to be called back to the changing zone and a correct handing over has to take place before the leaving contestant is allowed to start. If the contestants do not return the team will be disqualified. The control guard in the changing zone is responsible for the compliance with this regulation.
  5. The finish line has to be marked directly on the perimeter of the rectangle at the arriving side of the lane.
  6. During the last 200 m before the finish or before the changing zone the contestant no longer needs to clear the lane. These 200 m have to be marked clearly.

Timing Measurement

  1. The time of arrival of each contestant is measured at the beginning of the changing zone. This time is also the starting time for the leaving contestant.
  2. The arrival time of each relay's last runner is the final time for each team.
  3. The running times of each contestant and the overall time for each relay are to be stated in the official result list. The best times for every part of the course are to be underlined (best times of the round).

Size of the Teams

  1. One team consists of 4 participants. At least one of them has to be female. The first two participants run in classic style, the two last in free-style.
  2. If a Research Institute enters more than 2 teams, only the teams one and two, designated before the race, are classified. Unclassified teams start last.
  3. Mixed cross-country relays, formed from different Research Institutes, are admissible as a matter of principle. However, an evaluation is only possible, if the team is formed of at least three participants of the same Research Institute.
    If a participant of this Institute participates in a mixed relay of another Institute an evaluation of this team is not possible if this participant could have started in the team of his own Institute.
  4. The participant's names and the starting order have to be made public by the organiser on the eve before the beginning of the tournament.

C 3.3  Ski-Arc

Ski-Arc consists of the following kinds of sports:

Cross-country skiing
Archery

Categories
1. Male:  12 km on 4 km course, 3 rounds, 4 arrows / round
2. Female: 8 km on 4 km course, 2 rounds, 4 arrows / round

Ski
Free choice of style, single start every 30 seconds.

Arch
Any kind of classic bow (blank bow) or compound bow (rules of conformity, see tournament rules) is allowed. 
Condition: The sights, the counterbalances and the stabilisers must not jut out more than 2 inches over the foremost point of the back of the  bow. The bow remains at the shooting range beside the quivers.

Arrows
Any kind of arrow is allowed. For safety reasons, each participant must have 12 arrows (male) or 8 arrows (female), because these arrows are to remain in the targets until the competition is finished.

Targets
The distance must be 18 m
A shooting range is equipped with a carrier board on to which a maximum of 3 targets are fastened. 

The target consists of a square piece of white cardboard or paper. In the centre of the target there is a black circle (see illustration). In this black circle's centre there is a white target circle.

Measurements of the targets for:

Blanc bows side length of the target 40 cm
diameter of the black circle 16 cm
diameter of the white circle 4 cm
Compound bows side length of the target 25 cm
diameter of the black circle 10 cm
diameter of the white circle 3 cm


   

Penalties
1 minute for each arrow out of the target circle (black circle of 10 resp. 16 cm with its white centre), but the arrow is on the target.
2 minutes for each arrow out of the target.

C 3.4  Laser Biathlon

The organiser reserves the right to change the day or the time of the race due to the fact that the equipment used, i.e. the laser rifles, is very sensitive to the weather conditions (storm, snow or rain showers).

The laser biathlon is comprised of:
- Cross country skiing
- Laser rifle shooting

Categories
In order for the shooting to have a real influence on the race, the length of the cross-country skiing is fixed to:
– Men:     10 km, 5 laps à 2 km with 4 rounds of shooting (prone position with support)
– Women: 8 km, 4 laps à 2 km with 3 rounds of shooting (prone position with support)

Skiing
– Free choice of style (classic oder skating)
– Indivdual start every 30 sec

Material
a) Rifles
Only the organiser of the race has the right to provide the laser rifles. They will all be identical. During the practice and the competition the rifles will remain on the shooting range placed on the support, facing the targets. 
b) Targets
The targets are placed 10 m from the shooting stand.
A white target-stand is made up of five round black targets with 3.5 cm in diametre.

Shooting
An ASCERI referee will test all rifles at the beginning of the competition.
There will be at least one person in charge of each target.
The competitor must carry out 5 shots in the prone position.
On shooting, the laser rifle’s luminous beam will light up the black circle of the target:
– a green light will appear inside the target if the shot was successful
– if no light appears, the shot has missed. As a consequence, the competitor will have to ski a penalty loop.
After 5 shots the competitor leaves the shooting range
– either directly to the skiing lap (if he has no penalties)
– or onto the penalty loop if targets have been missed.

Penalties
The competitor has to ski as many penalty loops as missed targets (a maximum of 5 laps).
The penalty loop has a length of 150 m (measurement taken inside the loop).
A penalty loop represents 20 to 30 seconds depending on the level of the competitor.
The organiser will ensure a precise and fair supervision of the execution of the penalty loops.

Pictures